A good front door does two things: it protects the person and projects the personality. Here’s one that says solidity, security, sophistication, and wealth.
It’s the front entrance to the Charnely-Perskey house of 1892 in Chicago, designed by Louis Sullivan, the father of the skyscraper and the great teacher of Frank Lloyd Wright. The organic-geometric metalwork is characteristic of Sullivan and gives the door its vivid presence — there’s plenty to admire as you wait for it to open. Fittingly, the house is the headquarters of the Society of Architectural Historians and is open for tours.
Another approach, equally sophisticated but now all about openness as well as security in a deft biomorphic balance of opposites, is the entrance to the Casa Mila apartment house (also known as La Pedrera) of 1910 in Barcelona, by the great Catalan architect Antonio Gaudi.
The view is looking out toward the street, as if you are inside a cage that’s mellting before your eyes.
Lightness and transparency are taken to another extreme in the front entrance to the Farnsworth house of 1951, not far from Chicago in Plano, Illinois (which you can also tour). It’s hard to tell there’s a door there at all — you can just make out the double doors in the middle of the glass wall.
The great International Style architect Mies Van Der Rohe designed this house for a doctor who wound up hating it. So maybe it didn’t fully express her personality. Plus, privacy ultimately became and issue. But the house has influenced modern architects ever since — the idea of openness is very powerful.
Probably most of us would be happy with a good solid front door that’s not quite as closed, cage-like, or open as those three examples. The following sampling of doors made from reclaimed wood might help you think about just how open or closed you want your front door to be. They’re from La Puerta Originals, a remarkable establishment in Santa Fe, New Mexico that specializes in creating doors from a vast collection of antique wood and salvaged door sections from around the world.
Reproduced from reclaimed Douglas fir and recycled iron, it’s welcoming and secure at the same time.
Or here’s one with shutters so you can open a small section of the door for air circulation or to see who’s there.
And finally here’s one that’s really a Dutch door; the top half opens so you can make guests feel welcome without opening the whole room.
Most front doors should complement the style of the house. But it’s really up to you and your taste and pocketbook and how you want the portal to function. So as you look for the perfect new house plan, don’t forget to open a few doors.